• parole di 1 sillaba: sit → sitting (ma: site → siting, seat → seating)
parole di più sillabe: begìn → beginning, èdit → editing (ma: lèvel → levelling)
• he has → he's, you have → you've, he had → he'd, he has not → he hasn't, we have not → we haven't, he had not → he hadn't
I am → I'm, he is → he's, we are → we're, he is not → he isn't, you are not → you aren't, I was not → I wasn't, we were not → weren't
does not → doesn't, do not → don't, did not → didn't
• fine → finer, fined; free → freed, freeing (ma: peace → peaceable; courage → courageous)
fly → flies; steady → steadied, steadily (ma se c'è una vocale prima di "y": donkey → donkeys, o se il nome è proprio: Cassidy → Cassidys)
(altre eccezioni: standby → standbys)
useful → usefully
"Verbi" (forme per esprimere presente, passato, futuro, condizionale):
• simple present (I often go to the cinema), present continuous (I'm going to the cinema), present perfect (it's the first time I have been to the cinema), present perfect continuous (I have studying Italian for two years); • present perfect (I have read two novels of him), simple past (I sent the letter two days ago), past continuous (I was reading a novel when he arrived), used to/would (when I lived in Genoa I used to go - or: I would go - near the port every morning); • will+infinito (the sun will rise at 7 a.m.), to be going to + infinito (it's going to rain), present continuous (what are you doing tonight?), future continuous (at this time tomorrow I'll be flying to Genoa), future perfect (by next month we'll have moved into the new house), future perfect continuous (in April we'll have been married for two years), to be+infinito (the flight is to arrive at nine), simple present (when you come to Genoa it will be summer), present perfect (if I have finished the cake by seven, I'll bring it this evening); • present conditional (I would like - I'd like - to go to India), present conditional continuous (I'd be going), perfect conditional (I would have liked to read that book but I had no time), perfect conditional continuous (would I have been going?).
Forma in "-ing":
• nelle "continuous form": vedi sopra; • in alternativa all'infinito, in casi di percezione (I smell something burning; I saw him running) e di ricordo (I remember seeing him); • dopo una preposizione (he left without paying); • dopo alcuni verbi (avoid talking to starnger) o espressioni (it's no use complaining); • come sostantivo (eating too much isn't good; no smoking); • come aggettivo (running water); • con valore circostanziale, come in italiano (opening the door she saw him).
• (tu e voi) be quiet! don't smoke!; • (noi) let's go out! let's not wait for him!; • (altre persone, per suggerimenti o offerte) Let Bob go out this evening.
Spelling e pronuncia Canzoni con traduzione
I numeri e le potenze in inglese Le misure anglosassoni Differenze inglese Britannico/Americano Sulla lingua inglese